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Wednesday 30th of September 2020
History of Islam
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The Birth of Islam and the Proclamation by Muhammad of his Mission

The Birth of Islam and the Proclamation by Muhammad of his Mission
When Muhammad was 40 years old, he was commanded by God, through His angel, Gabriel, to declare His Oneness to the idolaters and polytheists of the whole world, and to deliver the message of peace to an embattled humanity. In response to this command of Heaven, Muhammad launched the momentous program called Islam which was to change the destiny of mankind forever. Before the Call came to him to declare the Unity of the Creator, Muhammad was in ...

The Event of Ghad¢r and the introducing of the future leader

The Event of Ghad¢r and the introducing of the future leader
The Event of Ghad¢r and the introducing of the future leader On his return from the Farewell Pilgrimage on the eighteenth of Dhu’l-°ijjah, and on the land of Ghad¢r Khumm[1] which is three miles away from al-Ju¦afah, the following verse was revealed to Holy Prophet: “O Apostle! Deliver what has been revealed to you from your Lord; and if you do it not, then you have not delivered His message (5:67)” He therefore ordered the caravan ...

Holy City of Qum: Past and Present

Holy City of Qum: Past and Present
A provincial capital since June 1996, Qum is a city 140 kilometers to the south of Tehran on the verge of the kavir, the vast desert of central Iran. Centuries before the arrival of Islam in the region, it was a major village among the many hamlets of the area. Several traditions and theories exist concerning the town's origin and name According to one of the more credible of them, its name derives from "kumeh," meaning a group of neighboring ...

Battle of al-Ahzab (Tribes/ Khandaq/Ditch/ Moat/ Trench)

Battle of al-Ahzab (Tribes/ Khandaq/Ditch/ Moat/ Trench)
The Qureshite community had one important dream: The destruction of Mohammed and his religion. Pagan tribes outside Mecca were sharing with them the same dream. Like the Meccans, these tribes considered Mohammed a serious menace to their religion. This belief brought these tribes and the Muslims into military confrontations in which the Muslims had the upper hand. These tribes, therefore, were like the Meccan community full of resentment and ...

The Arbitration in the Battle of Siffin

The Arbitration in the Battle of Siffin
Imam Ali's (AS) generals, who stopped the battle to negotiate with Mu'awiya, did not pick the right person for the negotiation. They unyieldingly refused to accept Imam Ali's choice, instead they picked Kufa's Governor, Abu-Musa Ash'ari, an incompetent Governor who had been previously dismissed from office by Imam Ali. Mu'awiya appointed Amr Ibnil Aas, a shrewd and cunning man, to be his representative in the negotiation. Negotiation between the ...

Birth of Imam Ali ibn Abu Talib (AS) : Self-preservation of Imam Ali (AS) : Ghadeer Affair

Birth of Imam Ali ibn Abu Talib (AS) : Self-preservation of Imam Ali (AS) : Ghadeer Affair
Early youth of Imam Ali ibn Abu Talib (AS): Ali ibn Abu Talib describes this enlightening period of his age as under: The Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) used to go to the Cave of Hira but nobody except he (pbuh) and I did know about it. At the time when the religion of Islam had not yet reached the homes, he (pbuh) and his wife Khatijah (SA) were the only Muslims. I was the next person to them who saw the light of revelation and prophet hood and ...

The Shi'ites Under Attack

The Shi'ites Under Attack
The Shi'ites Under Attack In the name of the Almighty the Beneficent, the Most Merciful.Praise be to God, the Lord of the Worlds.The Muslims were never at any time more in need of mutual understanding and unity than they are today. The conspiracies against Islam never were more serious than they are at the present time.Unfortunately, many Muslim governments have taken a very unholy direction, spreading hatred among Muslims. Unsound and ...

Fear of the Neighboring Power

Fear of the Neighboring Power
(3) Fear of the Neighboring Power The Holy Qur'¡n refers to their fear of the neighboring states and powers and finds this worry baseless: And they say: If we follow the guidance with you, we shall be carried off from our country. What! Have We not settled them in a safe, sacred territory to which fruits of every kind shall be drawn? Sustenance from Us; but most of them do not know. (28:57) Once, °¡rith ibn Nawfal ibn `Abd-Man¡f said to ...

The Ummah Fractures after Holy Prophet

The Ummah Fractures after Holy Prophet
But people have cut off their affair (of unity), between them into sects: each party rejoices in that which is with itself. (Holy Qur’an, 23:53)The tumult of the Quraysh group could not leave the Muslim ummah unscathed. Although the popular viewpoint today is that Islam has maintained two sects—Sunni and Shi’a, but the fact of the matter is that virtually hundreds of Muslim religious sects came and went in the past.Nonetheless, ...

How Islam Immortalized Imam Hussein (a.s.)

How Islam Immortalized Imam Hussein (a.s.)
How Islam Immortalized Imam Hussein (a.s.) :The Blessed Infant On the third of the blessed month of Sha'ban, the fourth year after Hijrah and a year after the birth of Imam Hassan (a.s.), the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) was given news of the birth of Imam Hussein (a.s.). He hurried to the house of Imam Ali and Fatimah al-Zahra' (a.s.)."O Asma'," he ordered Asma', the daughter of Umays, "bring me my son."She took the newborn to him. The infant ...

Self-Censorship in Islamic History A Case Study of Da'wat dhu 'l-'Ashira

Self-Censorship in Islamic History A Case Study of Da'wat dhu 'l-'Ashira
Self-Censorship in Islamic History A Case Study of Da'wat dhu 'l-'Ashira 1. IntroductionMany students of Islamic history begin with the assumption that if an event or a statement has not been reported in the earliest sources of Muslim history or hadith like as-Sirah an-Nabawiyya of Ibn Hisham or Sahih of al-Bukhari, it must be a later fabrication and therefore not credible. They tend to ignore the biases and limitations that are imposed on the ...

THE EVENT OF MASJID ZIRAR

THE EVENT OF MASJID ZIRAR
THE EVENT OF MASJID ZIRARIn the Arabian Peninsula Madina and Najran were considered to be two extensive areas and big centres for the people of the Scriptures. Hence some Arabs belonging to the tribes of Aws and Khazraj were inclined towards Judaism and Christianity and had become followers of these religions.During the Age of Ignorance Abu 'Amir, father of Hanzalah, the well-known martyr of the Battle of Uhud, had become very much inclined ...

Irresponsible Attitudes of the Companions-2

 	   Irresponsible Attitudes of the Companions-2
The Shi'ah believe that such a repudiation (talaq) counts only as a single repudiation, and Shaykh Mahmud al-Shaltut, erstwhile rector of the Azhar, regarded Shi'i jurisprudence (fiqh) superior in this respect as well as many others. [20] No one has the right to tamper with revealed ordinances, for they are divine and immutable, not even the Prophet himself. The Qur'an says: "Were Muhammad to attribute lies to Us, with Our powerful hand We would ...

Hardships and obstacles on the way

Hardships and obstacles on the way
Hardships and obstacles on the way Despite all these obstacles, the army of Islam left Medina, but as it could be predicted; Muslims encountered a lot of hardships concerning the long distances to be covered, the meager number of horses,[1] the extreme heat and scarcity of water. For this reason, this war, in the history of Islam, is called war of hardship[2] or the miserable army.[3] In any case, the army of Islam arrived at the land of ...

The Reasons Behind `Al¢'s Taking the Lead

The Reasons Behind `Al¢'s Taking the Lead
The Reasons Behind `Al¢'s Taking the Lead (1) The Holy Prophet explicitly referred to `Al¢'s pioneering in accepting Islam. At the presence of a group of Muslims, he declared: The first person among you who will meet me at the side of the heavenly fountain [Kawthar], on the Resurrection day, will be `Al¢, who is the first among you who accepted Islam.[1] (2) Great and well-known narrators report that Mu¦ammad (¥) became a prophet on ...

Journey of Ahlul Bayt to Kufa and Damascus

Journey of Ahlul Bayt to Kufa and Damascus
Journey of Ahlul Bayt to Kufa and Damascus The history of the sacred movement and rising of Imam Husayn is one of the most glorious chapters of the history of Islam. Although this period of less than a year was very short and transient from the point of view of length of time, it was very forcible and everlasting from the point of view of quality and the results which it produced. This short historical period may be reckoned to have ...

The Farewell Pilgrimage and the Demise of the Prophet

The Farewell Pilgrimage and the Demise of the Prophet
The Farewell Pilgrimage and the Demise of the Prophet The Farewell Pilgrimage The founder of °ajj, the most prominent politico-religious ceremony, was Prophet Abraham. In the second chapter of this book, we discussed the chaotic status of religion and the power and influences of Quraysh prior to the rise of Islam. We also mentioned that until the appearance of Islam, Quraysh and all unbelievers performed °ajj and `Umrah ceremonies. However, ...

The Remnants of Abraham's Religion: °an¢fiyyah

The Remnants of Abraham's Religion: °an¢fiyyah
The Remnants of Abraham's Religion: °an¢fiyyah `Adn¡n was the great ancestor of the `Adn¡ni Arabs and the twentieth ancestor of the Holy Prophet from Ism¡`¢l’s generation. Living in °ij¡z, Najd, and Tih¡mah,[1] the `Adn¡nis followed Prophet Abraham’s religion. In the words of Ya`q£b¢: “Quraysh and `Adn¡n's children in general believed in some principles of Prophet Abraham’s religion. They used to perform their pious ...

Consequences of the defeat at

Consequences of the defeat at
(1) Although Muslims were militarily defeated in this battle, they learned not to disregard the Holy Prophet’s orders. Such disobediences never happened in the following wars. (2) The hypocrites started all sorts of conspiracies; they rejoiced on the Muslims’ defeat and blamed them.[1] (3) The Jews, too, surfaced their hatred, saying, “No prophet has been defeated to this degree!”[2] (4) The enemies of Islam around Medina were ...

The Uprising of Mukhtar

The Uprising of Mukhtar
  Al-Mukhta`r b. Yousif al-Thaqafi was among the Arab and Muslim brilliant figures in history. He was the Arab hero who could overcome the events and lead the greatest social revolt. He adopted political and social justice, and accomplished equal opportunities among the people, regardless of their nations and religions. We will briefly speak about his qualities and the achievements of his revolt.His QualitiesAs for the prominent qualities of ...